Sometimes surgery is needed for hernias. Hernias occur when an organ pushes through the muscle that is holding it in place. For instance, a hernia occurs when intestines manage to push past a weakened spot in an abdominal wall. Whilst hernias are often seen in the abdomen, they can also emerge in the belly button, upper thigh, or groin. Although a hernia is not considered life-threatening, surgery is the only treatment that will prevent health complications.
Types of Hernias
Four common hernia types are known. Hernias are classified as inguinal hernias, hiatal hernias, umbilical hernias, and incisional hernias.
Inguinal hernias are considered the most common type of hernia. In fact, they comprise about 70% of hernias. These hernias happen when a person’s intestines push past a weakened area in the inguinal canal, or the lower part of the abdominal wall. Men experience this type of hernia more often than women.
Hiatal hernias take place when the stomach protrudes into the chest by way of the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a muscle that enables breathing by drawing air into the lungs. It is also used to separate the abdominal organs from the chest muscles. Usually, this type of hernia appears in patients who are over fifty years old. These kinds of hernias trigger gastroesophageal reflux. This condition happens when the stomach contents leak backwards into the oesophagus, leading to a burning sensation.
Umbilical hernias happen in infants and children up to six months old. The hernia erupts when a child’s intestines break through their abdominal wall. A bulge is usually seen next to the child’s bellybutton. This type of hernia normally resolves itself and therefore does not require surgery. It typically goes away by the time a child reaches his or her first birthday. If the hernia is still present at this time, surgery may be advised.
An incisional hernia may appear shortly after an abdominal procedure. The intestines may push past an incision scar or a weakened tissue.
A Laparoscopic Treatment Procedure
In order to fix inguinal hernias laparoscopic hernia surgery is often recommended. During this procedure, a general anaesthesia is usually administered, and a small incision is made under the navel. The surgeon then inflates the abdomen with air so he can view the organs.
How the Procedure Is Performed
The physician then inserts a laparoscope through the incision. A laparoscope is a light and a scope. The surgical instruments used to make the repair are then placed through other incisions. A mesh is then placed over the site to strengthen and support the abdominal wall.
Why This Procedure Is Preferred
Most people who have a hernia repair through laparoscopy surgery can return home the day of the procedure. Recovery time takes about two weeks. You can also return to a light amount of activity after that length of time. Any intense exercise should be put off for about a month. Laparoscopic surgery is often advised, as research shows that patients experience less pain after this procedure is performed.
How to Prevent a Hernia
In order to prevent a hernia, it is helpful to maintain a healthy body weight and lift objects using the knees and not the back. In addition, you should avoid lifting weights that are too heavy for you to manage.